Adversaries are here listed in the decreasing order of their strength. While it is clear that at the center of the adversarial field are situated those who did not get their fated spouse (to be found under Human below) and the charmsayers that enact their wishes, it is the Supernatural beings (especially the Devil) and a few Animals that forcefully act to frighten and suppress the target aimed at in the charm.
|Skewers (99):||1 (verse)|
Supernatural beings never intervene independently.. They instrument the wishes of humans (who interact with them by means of evil charm-sayers) and are represented in our texts by impure spirits (demons, dangerous Statu-palma-barba-cot) or personified objects (skewers, for example).
|[no qualifier]:||2 (verse)|
|Satan, Devil, Scaraotski, impure ghost:||1 (verse)|
According to one's perspective, the Devil can be seen either as an auxiliary (of the person who cannot marry because her/his fated spouse is otherwise engaged and of the charm-sayer that represents heror him) or as an adversary (of the charm's most often unknown "victim," that the charm-sayer tries to separate from the fated spouse of her client or even suppress). In the second case, the person that believes to be the victim of an evil charm will pay for countercharms by means of which the harmful force of the Devil is either undone or returned to the initiator of the evil charm.
There are he-devils, she-devils and devil-kids. Some bear names, from Satan to Scaraotski etc. They often hide in lakes and act in groups of 99.
|enemies, sorceresses, evil-doers:||1 (verse)|
|envious women, evil-doers, old paid widows (widowers):||1 (verse)|
|girlfriends, bitches, evil-wishers, god-daughter, female neighbour, mother and daughter, sisters (two), widowed charm-makers:||1 (verse)|
|men, women:||1 (verse)|
|sister‑in‑law, sister, enmaidened maiden, enwidowed widow, woman with husband:||1 (verse)|
|the sender of the cows:||1 (verse)|
|unknown women:||1 (verse)|
|villagers, countryfolk:||1 (verse)|
|villagers, countryfolk, female neighbours:||1 (verse)|
|warlocks (99), witches (99), doers (99):||1 (verse)|
|woman (unknown, indirectly designated):||1 (verse)|
|young man (unknown):||1 (verse)|
|young woman, wife, widow (unknown):||1 (verse)|
|young women, widow, unmarried woman (unknown):||1 (verse)|
Human adversaries can simply be jealous, envious neighbours, even friends, wishing to surpass the beauty of well-known rivals and directing (alone, or with the help of a charm-sayer) hate charms at them; they can also be life-and-death dispassionate adversaries (when they struggle to get their fated spouse and enlist the services of a charm-sayer to separate or, if they resist, eliminate their unknown rivals).
|charm-sayers, sorceresses:||1 (verse)|
Many countercharm formulas include lists of known or unknown harmful people who are supposed to have cast fate or hate charms upon the counter-charmee. To be efficient such lists have to be exhaustive so as to make sure that all malevolent magic actions are undone or sent back to their perpetrators.
|black cow, red cow, flaxen or not flaxen cow:||1 (verse)|
|cow (black, with no horns and no legs):||1 (verse)|
|Kirushmana black doe, Pribonitsa running cow:||1 (verse)|
Like supernatural beings, animals simply instrument the will of the charm-sayer (acting on behalf of a client). While heifers and even unqualified cows can be beneficial in certain charms for love or divinatory practices (when they "answer" the charmer's questions, for example), black cows with no horns and no legs that come running toward their targeted victim are always dangerous adversarial figures. One can also distinguish them from innocent cows by the extraordinary names they bear: Kirushmana, Proibonitsa.
|[no qualifier]:||1 (verse)|